The Ins and Outs of Embezzlement Litigation

This spring, one of my closest friends is studying for the exams to become a Certified Public Accountant, and we often go to coffee shops together for him to study and for me to read. We often take chat breaks, and I talk about my book while he talks about what he’s learning. Recently, we had a lengthy discussion about fraud and the role of an auditor in detecting fraud. Apparently, embezzlement is a big issue when employees have access to the assets of the business they work for. I did not really understand what embezzlement is, so I decided to do some research. During my research, I found the website for Bruno Law Offices, which specializes in defending people that are accused of embezzlement. There was quite a bit of interesting information regarding the litigation of these cases.

Embezzlement is a criminal offense, and it is more complex than just stealing money from your employer. Embezzlement happens when a person that is responsible for another person’s property uses that property for personal gain, and it’s not necessarily the same as theft. To embezzle, you need to be a custodian of assets, which means that you are not the owner of the assets but you have legal access to the asset and are trusted with the assets control. Often the offender has a fiduciary responsibility to the owner, and pre-meditation must exist for embezzlement to be prosecuted. It cannot be accidental. The property does not have to be tangible to be embezzled, either. Intangible property like trademarks or securities can be wrongfully acquired or used by a custodian to commit embezzlement.

Typically, sentencing for embezzlement depends on the value of the assets embezzled before being caught. The value of the property can change the crime from a misdemeanor to a felony depending on the type of property embezzled. If you steal less than five hundred dollars, the punishment is less than a year in prison and up to $2,500 in fines, but if you embezzle over a million dollars, it becomes a felony and is punishable by up to 30 years in prison and $25,000 in fines. There are additional consequences that are not inflicted by the courts that include the damage to a person’s reputation and their ability to be hired in the future.

Luckily for the accused, there are a variety of defenses that lawyers can use to defend their clients from embezzlement charges. An insufficient evidence defense can cause the charges to be dropped. Also, if you are pressured to commit a crime because of perceived harm, you can use the duress defense and transfer the blame to another party. If the accused is bated into committing embezzlement by the government or law enforcement, a lawyer can use the entrapment defense to absolve their victim of the wrongdoing. There are several other complicated defenses that lawyers can use to defend their clients that are charged with embezzlement. Since embezzlement is a criminal offense, the burden of proof is on the prosecution, so if any of these defense prevent the prosecution from proving your guilt beyond a reasonable doubt, you can avoid punishment for embezzlement.

Investigating Everything Your Dentist Is Putting In Your Mouth

I tend to zone out a bit in the dental chair. Unless there’s serious work being done, it’s mostly just a matter of passing the time. Once I’ve read all the posters on the wall and the ceiling and thought through every movie I’ve seen recently, I still often have a bit of time to kill. With my mouth open, there’s little chance of a decent conversation, so I often get to thinking about those tools that end up in my mouth, cleaning and fixing my teeth.

What are those things?

Thankfully, I didn’t have to spend much time researching the answer. Babylon Dental Care did it for me.

A lot of the tools are as obvious as you think. There’s the suction device to clean out saliva and spray water. There’s the mouth mirror to give the dentist a better view of what’s going on in there at every angle. There’s the lead smock you wear when getting X-Rays, which helps you avoid too much radiation.

Then there are a whole set of tools that do the actual scraping and cleaning for you. Those include a whole series of probes, scalers, and curettes, which get used for different purposes depending on what’s going on with your tooth.

Once you get beyond the basic cleaning, though, it gets more interesting. You may get a mold of your teeth that provides the dentist with an accurate cast of your teeth so they can see exactly what’s going on. Serious dental work will include a syringe and local anesthetic to numb you and help you avoid pain.

Then you have drills that can remove decay and a spoon excavator that can remove soft decay. Finally, you might see a burnisher, which will remove scratches to your tooth.

Really, that’s about it. The thing is, even knowing the names and general purposes of all those objects doesn’t quite tell you how to use them. But, I suppose that’s why you need a quality dental education to take care of someone’s teeth.

Still, it’s interesting to have a little insight into the tools and the purposes of those tools while you’re sitting in that chair next time. It might allow you to pay more attention to what your dental assistant or dentist is doing. In my experience, it made the time go by faster because I was much more engaged, thinking about the choices my dentist was making and how they were using the tools I now recognized.

It’s fascinating, and it almost makes me want to really dig into dental work to get a more profound understanding of what those tools are capable of. Almost. I think I’ll probably let the professionals handle the really complicated stuff. For now, I’ll just stick to what I know and get back to reading the posters in the room.

Fire Hazards That May Spell Disaster for Your Home

Residential fires are the worst. They put your house at risk of damages and your loved ones at risk of injuries and deaths – all of which have their own financial and personal difficulty equivalents. You may have a sound insurance policy, but according to the website of K2 Consulting & Services, LLC, there are instances where insurance companies don’t really give the full amount you deserve, so you are never fully financially secured by your insurance.

In other words, preventing house fires is still better than being negligent and relying solely on your insurance policy. To prevent house fires, the first things you should know are the hazards that can result into fires.


Appliances, especially those that involve fire and heat like kitchenware, are some of the leading causes of house fires. This is especially true when negligence has been involved. For example, a resident can leave the stove open or a manufacturer can put a defective product into the market.

Combustible Materials

Items that may catch fire are particularly dangerous when they are near fire or heat sources, such as the appliances mentioned earlier. In the kitchen, these materials may include mittens and even rags. In other parts of the house, it can range from curtains and mattresses to piles of papers and even leaves from indoor plants.


Electronic devices make your house vulnerable to fires, and these electronic devices are not limited to house appliances, as they may also include equipment such as desktops, laptops, tablets, printers, and even mobile phones. Those with power supplies and batteries are particularly hazardous.

Fire Sources

Some of the most obvious causes of fires are direct fire sources, such as candles, stoves, and even lighters and matches. Usually, house fires from direct fire sources occur because of negligence as well, like when candles are left unattended or children are unsupervised and playing with fire.

Wiring Systems

If direct fire sources are the most obvious, wiring problems are perhaps the least. This is because they are not always directly associated with fire, even though in their own ways they can actually be a fire source. Faulty wiring systems, and even overloaded extension cords and defective wires from appliances, can result into the most devastating house fires.

Injuries and Deaths during Car Accidents: Not Just Statistical Data

The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia and State Farm Insurance Companies conducted a study, the result of which shows that teen drivers are four times more likely to be involved in fatal car accidents than adults. The reasons, however, are not due to poor weather condition, drowsy driving, vehicle malfunction or aggressive driving. Of the more than 800 accidents analyzed, three critical teen driver errors were revealed:

  • Not enough road scanning. One very important ability that experienced drivers have developed overtime is keen observation of their vehicle’s surroundings (sides and the road ahead) instead of just the very few meters of road fronting their car’s hood. This is one skill that will help and allow teen drivers to detect and respond to possible hazards up ahead.
  • Driving too fast for road conditions. Rather than driving at controllable speed, many teen drivers prefer faster driving, which greatly reduces their capability to successfully navigate a curve or respond to other motorists.
  • Driving distractions. Though getting distracted while behind the wheel is a common fault among all drivers, teens, obviously, are still the kind of drivers who get distracted more easily. Eating, grooming, adjusting or operating an electronic device, talking with friends, turning the radio’s volume to full blast and, worst, texting or talking with someone using a cell phone, are just some of the very common distractions teens are often guilty of.

Some other errors committed by young drivers include failure to use signal lights, tailgating, not slowing down or stopping when making a turn, improperly overtaking another vehicle, making sudden lane changes, beating the red light (according to the National Safety Council, this is the fourth most common type of driver error that results in accidents), and failure to use the seat belt, a car safety feature that has saved thousands of lives in the past.

Driver error, which includes all forms of distracted driving, is always an act of negligence; thus, it is a totally preventable thing. About 81% of all car accidents, which number to more than five million every year, is due to driver negligence – a fault that legally requires a liable party to compensate his/her victim.

It would seem that many drivers see car accidents, injuries and deaths as mere statistical data. They may probably never really realize the tragic effects of these accidents on victims’ lives until they become the victims themselves. Negligence, no matter who commits it or where it is committed, can always be a source of danger. If one cannot respect others’ lives, then what right does he/she have to ask or demand respect from others?

A webpage with address,, says, “you can only control your own driving behavior; there is not much you can do to control what others do out there on the road. Careless, reckless, and negligent drivers abound. Some fail to keep their attention focused on the road and become distracted, while others get behind the wheel after consuming alcohol or drugs, disregard traffic laws, or run red lights and stop signs. Others drive too fast or too aggressively, or fail to adjust their driving for road or weather conditions. As a result, some unlucky drivers and their passengers, in spite of responsible, focused, and skillful driving, find their lives in turmoil, their bodies broken, and their finances in a shambles, all because of another’s wrongdoing.”

How to Prevent Drowning Accidents

Beach resorts and swimming pools are fun places, especially during the summer and people are trying to beat the heat. That includes people who don’t know how to swim, children, elderly people, and others who can be very vulnerable to drowning.

When negligent actions result in harmful consequences, the affected parties can take legal action. But you don’t want the financial and time costs of all the legal stuff, so the best way to avoid them is to prevent drowning accidents outright.

You can do this by first knowing the common causes of drowning accidents and how to prevent them.

Alcohol or drug use

Alcohol and drugs have physical and mental effects to us, particularly in terms of comprehension and coordination. You don’t want to lose these things while on your swimming vacation, as they might be the ones that prevent accidents such as drowning. The easy solution to avoid this problem is by not taking alcohol, drugs, or any substance that may impair you in any way.

Lack of barriers

Barriers, fences, and other obstructions are necessary to make pools not very accessible, especially to those who cannot help themselves. Attorney Ali Mokaram advises that children and other vulnerable members of society may be victims of drowning if they do not have supervision and fall into swimming pools without barriers.

Lack of supervision

Water, especially if it is deeper than the person’s height, may be very dangerous, especially to those who do not know how to swim. That is why there should always be eyes on the pool. You never know when someone is going to be a victim of a drowning accident. Having lifeguards and adults with swimming skills in the swimming area is a good idea.

Lack of swimming skills

The best way to counter drowning is knowing how to swim. It doesn’t completely eliminate the risk of drowning, but it significantly reduces the risk. If you are a parent of a young child, having swimming and other life-saving skills such as CPR can be very helpful.

Unexpected circumstances

Even though you know how to swim, there may be unexpected events that may put you and your love ones at risk of drowning, like boat accidents and seizures. Some of these events may be preventable by following safety procedures, but in unavoidable circumstances, it is important not to panic, wear safety gear such as life jackets, and get help as fast as possible.

Swimming and other recreational activities in the water are supposed to be fun, not tragic. So make sure that you know all the risks involved and how you can counter or prevent them before going all in.